NIEUWENTYT, Bernard

(1654–1718)
   Physician and mathemati cian. After studying medicine at the University of Utrecht, Nieuwentyt worked as a medical doctor in the small town of Purmerend in Holland. As a mathematician, he had a polemic with the German scientist Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) over the infinitesimal method of calculus. His 1715 book Het regt gebruik der werelt beschouwingen [translated as The Religious Philosopher; or, The Right Use of Contemplating the Works of the Creator] won him fame as a philosopher. The book marked a new anti-Cartesian stage in the process of secularization and in the relationship between science and religion, as did his posthumously published Gronden van zekerheid [Foundations of Certitude, 1720], in which he argued that modern science, or experimental philosophy, is totally in accor dance with biblical revelation as against the views of the atheists and Spinozists.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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